Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) effects how the brain receives and responds to information from the senses.
Children with SPD may be oversensitive to their environment: common sounds may be painful or overwhelming. The light touch of a shirt may chafe the skin.
Sensory processing problems are commonly seen in developmental disorders like Autism. Kids with SPD often struggle with handling change, and may frequently throw tantrums or have meltdowns.
Treatment for SPD (called sensory integration) includes creating a fun, playful way to teach children to respond appropriately and function more normally when confronted with sensory input.
This year, 1 in 68 children will be diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) according to the CDC. That is a 30% increase since 2012.